Research in the Red

Research in the Red

[author type="author"]Rebecca Duve and Dr. Anthony E. Pusateri[/author] According to the American Red Cross, every two seconds, someone in America needs blood. To improve the future of blood products, DoD, through the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC), has established effective programs in the hopes of aiding both warfighters and civilians. Approximately 44,000 blood donations are necessary each day to treat accident and burn victims, cancer patients, those having surgery, new mothers, premature babies, and many others. Donating blood is considered safe, and it takes less than an hour of time from the donor. Once volunteers donate blood, it is processed to produce various blood products such as […]

Adenovirus Vaccine: Making It Happen

Adenovirus Vaccine: Making It Happen

[author type="author"]Dr. Clifford E. Snyder Jr.[/author] The adenovirus vaccine (officially known as the Adenovirus Type 4 and Type 7 Vaccine, Live, Oral) has been used since Oct. 24, 2011. It protects military trainees against febrile respiratory illness (FRI)—with fever plus symptoms such as coughing and sneezing—caused by adenovirus Types 4 and 7. The adenovirus vaccine goes into the mouth of every basic trainee of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. It does not get there by accident. The U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command manages the development of adenovirus vaccine. The Pharmaceutical Systems Division of the U.S. Army Medical Materiel Development Activity (USAMMDA) houses the […]

Aquatic Biomonitor Technology Put to Use in Major U.S. Cities

Aquatic Biomonitor Technology Put to Use in Major U.S. Cities

[author type="author"]David E. Trader[/author] One Army-developed technology relies on nothing more than nature to help ensure that a daily and vital substance is safe and readily available. The aquatic biomonitor, available commercially as the Intelligent Aquatic Biomonitor System (iABS), uses fish and their breathing patterns to detect the presence of potentially toxic substances in water. The iABS employs a team of eight bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), also known as sunfish or bream, to provide 24/7 monitoring of water supplies. The U.S. Army Center for Environmental Health Research (USACEHR) is tasked with developing biomonitoring technologies for the many environmental health hazards that military members face on a day-to-day basis. The information collected […]

S&T Notebook: Active Collaboration

S&T Notebook: Active Collaboration

[author type="author"]Dr. Scott Fish[/author] This is a regular column by Dr. Scott Fish, Army Chief Scientist, on activities in the Army science and technology (S&T) community and their potential impact on Army acquisition programs. The New Year continues to be a busy time for the Chief Scientist’s office. I took part in the Army Science Board plenary meeting held Jan. 18-20 at the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command Headquarters at Fort Eustis, VA. The Small Unit Data to Decisions Study was initiated with the full team. That study, and continued work on the Strategic Look at Army S&T Study, prepared for active engagements through the spring with various labs and S&T […]

Bioelectric Bandage Incites Army Interest

Bioelectric Bandage Incites Army Interest

[author type="author"]Daniel O. Kennedy[/author] The U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command has initiated steps to evaluate a new bioelectric bandage with Prosit technology. Procellera, manufactured by Vomaris, is a bandage dressing that creates electrical impulses. Small silver and zinc dots embedded in cloth create micro-currents in the presence of moisture. The effect is anti-microbial and pain-reducing. The use of silver on burns has a long history of preventing infections. Vomaris says its bandage dressing provides faster healing, greater pain control, reduced incidence of infection, and decreased scarring. The nature of the cloth conforms well to multiple surfaces of the body, and the bandage dressing’s antimicrobial properties are expected to work […]

Contracting Experts Help Build Future Acquisition Leaders

Contracting Experts Help Build Future Acquisition Leaders

By Daniel P. Elkins Uniformed contracting officers (KOs), training at the U.S. Army Contracting Command (AAC) pre-deployment readiness exercise Joint Dawn 2012,  benefited from a growing role by civilian contracting professionals. The exercise, conducted Jan. 19-Feb. 3 at Fort Bliss, TX, is designed to develop the Soldier acquisition skills necessary to meet mission needs in a Joint environment downrange, in a ramp-up to a deployment supporting the U.S. Central Command. Of the more than 250 participants in the exercise, 45 members from throughout the U.S. Army Mission and Installation Contracting Command (MICC) worked alongside their counterparts from the U.S. Army Expeditionary Contracting Command (ECC) and sister services in roles ranging […]

Aerial ISR Provides Mission Overwatch for Border Mission

Aerial ISR Provides Mission Overwatch for Border Mission

[author type="author"]Brandon Pollachek[/author] Technology originally created to track improvised explosive device (IED) networks in Afghanistan and Iraq is finding new purpose in supporting U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) with mission overwatch during border patrol missions. The Product Manager Observe, Detect, and Identify (PdM ODI) assisted Joint Task Force North (JTF-N) with an operation called Big Miguel by providing payloads and operators similar to those used by Task Force ODIN (Observe, Detect, Identify, and Neutralize) during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation New Dawn (OND) in Iraq. The sensor payload offers electro-optical and laser illumination, which greatly increased situational awareness for U.S. Border […]

With USAMRMC Vision Portfolio, Injured Soldiers Can See Again

With USAMRMC Vision Portfolio, Injured Soldiers Can See Again

[author type="author"]Tiffany Holloway[/author] February is Low Vision Awareness Month, a campaign that was started to raise awareness for macular degeneration and other vision problems. Low vision affects a person’s entire life, interfering with the ability to perform daily activities. The term “low vision” means partial sight or visual impairment that is not correctable with contact lenses or eyeglasses. We often take our sight for granted, but tragedy can strike at any time, even more so on the battlefield. “That’s why the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command [USAMRMC] has decided to aid injured Soldiers,” said COL Karl Friedl, Director of the Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC). Through […]

Joint U.S.-British Study Supports Military Application of Drug to Reduce Post-Trauma Bleeding

Joint U.S.-British Study Supports Military Application of Drug to Reduce Post-Trauma Bleeding

By Tiffany Holloway Hemorrhage is the leading cause of death in civilian and military trauma. Fortunately, there is hope, in the form of tranexamic acid (TXA), a synthetic derivative of the amino acid lysine. Through the United States’ Joint Theater Trauma System, which is an organized approach to providing improved trauma care across the continuum of levels of care, especially in the battlefield environment, TXA was recognized after years of observations. There was level 1 evidence in the Clinical Randomization of an Anti-fibrinolytic in Significant Haemorrhage 2 (CRASH-2) trial for the use of TXA, including a purported survival benefit in civilian trauma patients. However, the existing study performed on TXA […]

Train the Instructor Course a Vital Step Forward for Afghan Armor Corps

Train the Instructor Course a Vital Step Forward for Afghan Armor Corps

By Bill Good Crawl, Walk, Run: That simple phrase is the common refrain heard in U.S. Army training facilities  throughout the world. This approach forces new Soldiers to focus on the basics before moving onto more advanced techniques. In Afghanistan, that same training principle is being applied at the recently opened Afghan National Army (ANA) Armor Branch School.  In March, the ANA will take possession of the first 58 of 352 Mobile Strike Force Vehicles (MSFV)  to enhance their quick reaction and Mobile Strike Force (MSF) capabilities. These  vehicles represent the first kandak, or battalion, size element of armored vehicles for the ANA. This capability will be critical when U.S. […]