Arizona Proving Ground Works to Make Mortars More Accurate Than Ever

Arizona Proving Ground Works to Make Mortars More Accurate Than Ever

[author type="author"]Mark Schauer[/author] The Army has just finished its 10th winter in Afghanistan, a country in which mountainous terrain often means that the only practical method of providing indirect fire support is the mortar. In addition to being easily portable, emplaced, and fired, mortars can be fired with high-arcing trajectories that are invaluable during assaults on insurgents in the mountains. The mortar’s only drawback is its relative lack of accuracy, but that has now changed. As DOD’s premier test center for artillery and mortars, U.S. Army Yuma Proving Ground (YPG), AZ, is at the forefront in developing guided artillery and mortar projectiles. The technology has evolved to such a degree […]

New Picatinny IDEA Program Fosters Innovation for Future Army Technology

New Picatinny IDEA Program Fosters Innovation for Future Army Technology

While reading a ski magazine in 2008, Penn State University engineering student Adam Druga had a flash of inspiration that set him on a path he called “absolutely adventurous.” But it was no snow trail. Druga’s path has been that of an inventor. Druga was reading about a new material being used to protect skiers when he fashioned his idea: to combine the new material with another in just the right way and so produce a lightweight yet flexible material that could protect Soldiers from bullets and shrapnel. Now a mechanical engineer working on a team that designs gun mounts at the U.S. Army Armament Research, Development, and Engineering Center […]

Three New Munitions From Picatinny Light Up Night Sky for Warfighters

Three New Munitions From Picatinny Light Up Night Sky for Warfighters

[author type="author"]Tracy Robillard[/author] Soldiers now have capabilities to engage the enemy far more effectively during nighttime operations, following the recent full materiel release (FMR) of three infrared (IR) illuminating rounds. The term FMR signifies that the Army has rigorously tested and evaluated the item and determined that it is completely safe, operationally suitable, and logistically supportable for use by Soldiers. [quote align="left"]IR illumination burns longer and significantly increases the area of battlefield illumination, and its performance is less sensitive to temperature and firing conditions compared to the standard visible light illumination.[/quote] The M1064 105mm IR Illuminating Cartridge, the M1066 155mm IR Illuminating Projectile, and the M992 40mm IR Illuminant Cartridge […]

Engineers Innovate for Burster Tube Production

Engineers Innovate for Burster Tube Production

Tom Peske Crane Army Ammunition Activity (CAAA) employees recently improved a process to produce burster tubes, ensuring that the products would be made in the U.S. and to a high standard of quality. CAAA was asked by the U.S. Army Armament Research, Development, and Engineering Center (ARDEC) at Picatinny Arsenal, NJ, to take over production of the M54 burster tube, which is a component in a type of M110A2 projectile produced at Pine Bluff Arsenal, AR. SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION The M54 burster tube has a history of being difficult to produce. Due to a lack of capable suppliers, ARDEC had to pour a small production run of burster tubes to support […]

Realistic Simulated Bleeding System for Wound Training Saves Lives

Realistic Simulated Bleeding System for Wound Training Saves Lives

Sara Baragona What started as an idea of how to make training more realistic for medics has developed into a commercial product used by numerous military and civilian organizations in the United States and abroad. Effective training of medics is vital, given that a high percentage of fatalities and disabilities result from delays in effective hemorrhage control. Realistic training helps prepare medics for what may be a shocking sight, allowing them to take appropriate action with minimal delay in the line of duty. Preparation can mean the difference between life and death. Army medics learn to treat wounded warriors during Combat Medic Training at Fort Sam Houston, TX. Then-SGT Lynn […]

Remote Robotic System to Help Medics Assess Injured Soldiers

Remote Robotic System to Help Medics Assess Injured Soldiers

Barb Ruppert With a death rate for U.S. Army medics substantially higher than that of regular infantry members, the Army needed a solution to ensure that medics could assess an injured Soldier without leaving cover. A robotic system that could enable medics to determine an injured Soldier’s status remotely could save many lives—including not only the medic’s, but the life of the Soldier whose injury may require special transport techniques or who must be treated immediately to prevent death on the battlefield. For the past three years, scientists at PERL Research, Huntsville, AL, have been developing such a system in conjunction with the Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC) […]

U.S. Army Researchers Awarded Patent for Microclimate Cooling Technology

U.S. Army Researchers Awarded Patent for Microclimate Cooling Technology

Microclimate cooling (MCC) technologies have been successful in alleviating heat strain in Soldiers confined to vehicles, but cooling limitations and power and weight restrictions make MCC impractical when mobilized on foot. A solution was needed that increased the efficiency of heat transfer from the human body to the microclimate cooling system. Traditional MCC approaches involve constant skin cooling with liquids at low temperatures and high flow rates. As a result, MCC power, size, and weight requirements are large. Scientists at the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, with the help of engineers at the U.S. Army Natick Soldier Research, Development, and Engineering Center, discovered that over-cooling the skin can […]

No Digging Required—Providers Access Digital Medical Record System for Injured Soldier

No Digging Required—Providers Access Digital Medical Record System for Injured Soldier

Bill Snethen One inch ended MAJ Andy Ingalsbe’s service in theater. In September 2009, a sniper’s round struck him in the back, an inch below his Kevlar vest. The reservist and his civil affairs team had just completed a humanitarian mission in Afghanistan’s Paktika province. The well-placed projectile did extensive damage. The bullet cracked two vertebrae, destroyed Ingalsbe’s right kidney, and wrecked his liver and digestive tract. Unable to brace himself for the fall, Ingalsbe also injured his neck when his head slammed against the ground. Surgical teams treated him at Forward Operating Base Sharana and Bagram Airfield in Afghanistan. They also digitally documented Ingalsbe’s care in computer systems fielded […]

Scenarios Prep Reservists for Medical Records Task in Iraq

Scenarios Prep Reservists for Medical Records Task in Iraq

Bill Snethen and Ray Steen Triaging mass casualties, tracking lab results, and reestablishing network connectivity are routine tasks in deployed treatment facilities. Each activity requires immense coordination. Active-duty medical units train daily, fine-tuning their efforts as a team. U.S. Army Reservists prepare in small groups one weekend every month leading up to their deployment date. Helping to prepare Reservists for deployment to theater is the 191st Training Support Brigade (TSB), which readies 37 reserve medical units every year for the hardships and learning curves of theater. Field training exercises offer essential hands-on experience with the same equipment Reservists will use in the combat zone. Unlike active-duty personnel, Reservists typically have […]

Army Develops ‘Translator’ for Improved Information Sharing

Army Develops ‘Translator’ for Improved Information Sharing

By Claire Heininger   Some military translators are fluent in Arabic, others in software code. With the explosion of sophisticated weapons and information systems to confront persistent conflict, the Army is developing a high-tech, electronic “translator” to improve communications between systems that use different battlefield “languages.” The solution, Semantic Mediation for Army Reasoning and Teamwork (SMART), allows systems to share more information faster and reduces the cost compared with custom translation. SMART is being fielded with an operational unit for the first time this year, streamlining Soldiers’ ability to transmit key reports in theater, officials said. “Because the forces are expected to conduct multiple types of operations, the warfighter has […]