The Changing Face of Soldier Lethality

The Changing Face of Soldier Lethality

From the tangible to the cognitive, squad weapons to casualty care to performance-enhancing training, Army S&T is exploring and finding materials, technologies and methods in six focus areas to provide land forces the capabilities they’ll need for overmatch. by Ms. Karen M. Burke and Lt. Col. Eric J. Wagar Twenty years from now, Soldiers and small units will operate very differently than they did during the last two decades in Iraq and Afghanistan. As the Multi-Domain Battle Operating Concept emerges in the next 10 years, Soldiers will fight in multidomain environments characterized by dispersed, high-tempo operations that require small units to act independently in denied and austere regions. Soldiers will […]

Path of greatest resilience

Path of greatest resilience

Facing an enemy intent on creating a highly contested electromagnetic environment, S&T investments in Army networks focus on mobility, redundancy, ease of use and detection avoidance.   by Mr. Seth Spoenlein, Mr. James Snodgrass, Mr. Michael Breckenridge and Dr. Brian Rivera The expeditionary nature of the future force will require mobile, secure communication networks that are dynamic—able to survive in active electronic warfare environments and available in all environments to ensure continuous mission command. However, obtaining and sustaining the higher ground in a network context will not come easily in the future battlespace. The enemy will have advanced technologies designed specifically to create a highly contested electromagnetic (EM) environment, disrupting our […]

Seeking Innovative Ways to Restore Our Warfighters

Seeking Innovative Ways to Restore Our Warfighters

By Ms. Kristy Pottol and Mr. John Getz Our Tissue Injury and Regenerative Medicine Program Management Office is tasked with a nearly impossible acquisition mission: to restore form, function and appearance to the wounded Warfighter post-catastrophic injury. The development costs are high, the programs are risky, the timelines are long, the commercial market is small and an enterprise-wide requirement is, to say the least, challenging to write. For our team, this is where innovation, opportunity and possibility thrive. Our Service Members are counting on us to be as innovative in our problem-solving battle as they are on the front lines, protecting and defending our freedoms. The U.S. Army Medical Materiel […]

Network Assisted GPS … Coming Soon to a Precision Fire Mission Near You!

Network Assisted GPS … Coming Soon to a Precision Fire Mission Near You!

By Mr. Paul C. Manz Global Position System (GPS) signals are extensively used by a multitude of Army and Joint military products and applications. GPS is highly accurate, affordable, and pervasive. Most typical GPS-based systems automatically listen for GPS signals, use these signals to determine the exact location of the GPS satellites in the sky, and then (when it sees at least four GPS satellites) use this information to precisely determine the system’s geo-location coordinates (i.e. X, Y, Z) on Earth. Because these GPS signals contain data from their extremely accurate on-board satellite clocks, they can also be used to synchronize time across multiple systems. Thus, GPS is a simple, […]

Processor swarm

Processor swarm

Inherent in the coming internet of battlefield things are challenges that commercial products don’t face. But those products might have solutions to the Army’s problems, which is why ARL and its partners are exploring novel distributed processing approaches, a domain the Army practically invented. by Dr. Raju Namburu and Dr. Michael Barton Distributed processing—using multiple computers to run an application—is not a new idea. But as technology advances, opportunities arise for new and novel distributed processing approaches that take advantage of nascent network-based communication, computing systems, innovations in algorithms, and software. First realized around 1983 at Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland, distributed processing has evolved over several decades as information […]

Fit, nourished and resilient

Fit, nourished and resilient

Human performance optimization aims to take Soldiers to higher and higher peaks of physical and mental fitness. by Dr. Stephen Muza and Ms. Mallory Roussel Let’s flash back to the U.S. military in 2006. The U.S. had been engaged in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom for five and three years, respectively. In a post-9/11 environment with a higher operations tempo and longer and more frequent deployments, the U.S. military had an ongoing need to enhance mental and physical resilience and decrease injuries among deployed service members. In June of that same year, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences hosted a conference titled “Human Performance Optimization in […]

Sensor overload

Sensor overload

An S&T objective looks to ‘ExPED’ite and improve processing and exploitation of the avalanche of raw intelligence data. by Mr. Michael Pellicano and Ms. Danielle Duff At the tactical level, a commander depends on the depiction of accurate and timely battlefield situational understanding on the common operating picture (COP) to support the decision-making process. This picture is directly influenced by intelligence analysts using an institutionalized workflow called tasking, collection, processing, exploitation and dissemination, which turns raw intelligence data into actionable intelligence that is then fed into the COP. Over the previous decade, driven by the demands of war and technological advances, significant enhancements in the capabilities of sensors and collection […]

Science and technology supporting future Army aviation

Science and technology supporting future Army aviation

 Research in several areas will mature new capabilities to make Future Vertical Lift possible.   by Mr. Todd Turner and Mr. Matthew Simone In the future, Army aviation systems will need to operate in an anti-access and area denial (A2AD) contested airspace against adversaries that have advanced capabilities that constrain freedom of maneuver. To be effective in these environments, future aviation systems will need extended range, increased situational awareness and higher speed to maneuver into positions of advantage, survive and engage the adversary. There also will be a need for increased use of unmanned systems to penetrate this contested airspace. The investments in the air systems science and technology (S&T) portfolio […]

Network C3I

Network C3I

Targeted S&T supports new directions in network modernization by focusing on command, control, communications and intelligence capabilities for expeditionary operations featuring active electronic warfare. by Ms. Nora Pasion Army senior leaders have identified network command, control, communications and intelligence (C3I) as one of the Army’s six modernization priorities. Consistent with guidance from the chief of staff of the Army (CSA), the Army will move away from the existing network modernization path that lacked survivability, effectiveness, interoperability and suitability, and toward an expeditionary network enabling the Army to fight and win in all environments and against all enemies. To support this way forward, the Mission Command Network Modernization Implementation Plan will […]

A ‘map’ for the multidomain megacity

A ‘map’ for the multidomain megacity

Army scientists pursue advances in situational awareness, 3-D modeling and real-time data updating to help units make better decisions faster in urban combat.  by Dr. Robert E. Davis, Dr. Kevin R. Slocum,  Dr. Tad T. Brunye and Dr. Aaron L. Gardony Today’s Army leaders consider it inevitable that U.S. ground forces will engage in combat in dense urban environments, including building interiors and subterranean spaces. These settings eliminate or severely degrade many of the technological advantages that U.S. forces and their global (near-) peers have developed over several decades, and they also may provide sanctuary to friend or foe. Dense urban environments also heighten broader risks of unintended consequences in […]