New Stethoscope Addresses Problem of Background Noise

New Stethoscope Addresses Problem of Background Noise

By Catherine M. Davis A stethoscope specially designed for use in high-noise environments such as medical evacuation vehicles is advancing toward field use. A study is underway at Madigan Army Medical Center in Tacoma, WA, on the Noise Immune Stethoscope (NIS), developed in 2007. This study is scheduled to be completed in FY13. Scott Brady, a Biomedical Engineer at the U.S. Army Medical Materiel Agency, anticipates that within the next year, final steps will be underway to assign the NIS to the appropriate sets, kits, and outfits so the device can be used on patients in real-world operational environments. The U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory (USAARL) developed the NIS in […]

Working Out the Bugs

Working Out the Bugs

By Jeffrey M. Soares Arthropods—they bug us most of the time. Mosquitoes, spiders, ticks, mites, centipedes—the list goes on and on. Many people have a hard time tolerating these little creatures; some are even deathly afraid of them. For the men and women conducting research funded by the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command’s Military Infectious Disease Research Program (USAMRMC MIDRP), studying this particular group might be considered a labor of love. For many years, the research teams at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Naval Medical Research Center, and OCONUS laboratories throughout the world, in coordination with MIDRP, have […]

Giving Soldiers What They Need

Giving Soldiers What They Need

By Angela Poffenberger What does the Soldier need? That’s what the Field Assistance in Science and Technology (FAST) team asks, and they go straight to the source for the answer— the Soldier. FAST team members include U.S. Army Medical Department (AMEDD) officer scientists, NCO medical officers, and U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) personnel. Dale Frazier, FAST Team Coordinator, said the medical officers volunteer their services “to help ensure the survivability of the warfighters.” The FAST team first deployed in September 2005 to support the U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). The team helps commanders find solutions to enhance mission capabilities and […]

National Industries for the Blind Helps Wounded Soldiers

National Industries for the Blind Helps Wounded Soldiers

By Angela Poffenberger Did you know a person is considered legally blind when the best corrected visual acuity is 20/200 or the visual field is 20 degrees or less, meaning that he or she can only see the “E” on the eye chart? Seventy percent of people who are blind lack employment, but the National Industries for the Blind (NIB) has a vision to change that statistic. Look at the pad of paper you’re using to take notes. Look at the pen you’re using. Do they say SKILCRAFT? If so, then they were manufactured by NIB. Employees who are blind have manufactured or assembled those supplies for decades—and that’s not […]

Making Electronic Medical Records Devices Work Together in the Military Health System

Making Electronic Medical Records Devices Work Together in the Military Health System

By Robert E. Connors In the military, it is rare that families or individuals remain in one place for an extended time, with the frequent travel and relocations to new duty station. To provide the best care for its beneficiaries, DoD’s health care system, like many civilian health care providers, is using medical devices and electronic health records to track and treat patients. The U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command’s Joint Program Committee-1 (JPC-1) Medical Training and Health Information Sciences Research Program and Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC) are collaborating with the TRICARE Management Activity staff to lead a working group focused on developing acquisition language and […]

Technology Solutions for Medical Research

Technology Solutions for Medical Research

By CPT Bruce W. Barnes In today’s military environment of tightened budgets and staffing, empowering existing staff to organize, manage, share, and edit documents quickly and easily is critical to the success of the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC). To maintain maximum efficiency, immediate access is necessary for effective collaboration on mission-critical information. With this access, USAMRMC can spend more time doing what it does best: getting new medical capabilities to those who need them. As organizations within USAMRMC evolve and as individual projects grow and move forward, managing the thousands, or even millions, of paper and electronic documents can be both time-consuming and costly. Much of […]

For Returning Soldiers, New Research Partnership Aims to Improve Health, Quality of Life

For Returning Soldiers, New Research Partnership Aims to Improve Health, Quality of Life

[author type="author"]Barb Ruppert[/author] A public university in one of the most concentrated military corridors in the Nation has teamed up with DoD in a major initiative to address the post-deployment health concerns of service personnel, veterans, and their families. With the sheer number and diverse reintegration challenges of returning personnel—and the alarming increase in the suicide rate for combat veterans—DoD and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) are building and strengthening civilian partnerships to expand their capabilities to meet urgent and ongoing needs. Operation Re-entry North Carolina is a growing research and development partnership led by East Carolina University (ECU) in Greenville, NC. It was funded in September 2011 […]

Healthy Force, Healthy Nation

[author type="author"]Dr. Valerie Trabosh[/author] Maintaining a healthy lifestyle depends partly upon nutrition. Unfortunately, Soldiers are continually subjected to pressures from obesity-producing environments and the marketing of dietary supplements. The poor choices that can result make it difficult to regulate personal body mass, maintain a proper balance of nutrients and, most troubling, have nutritionally valuable meals. Twenty-first century Soldiers conduct battle tasks of varied duration and intensity in adverse environments with multiple stressors. Given these factors, it is difficult to determine how the metabolic consequences of intense physical and cognitive effort, restricted replenishment of nutrients, fluids and sleep, and exposure to climatic extremes influence the effects of nutrients in the rations […]

Research in the Red

Research in the Red

[author type="author"]Rebecca Duve and Dr. Anthony E. Pusateri[/author] According to the American Red Cross, every two seconds, someone in America needs blood. To improve the future of blood products, DoD, through the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC), has established effective programs in the hopes of aiding both warfighters and civilians. Approximately 44,000 blood donations are necessary each day to treat accident and burn victims, cancer patients, those having surgery, new mothers, premature babies, and many others. Donating blood is considered safe, and it takes less than an hour of time from the donor. Once volunteers donate blood, it is processed to produce various blood products such as […]

Adenovirus Vaccine: Making It Happen

Adenovirus Vaccine: Making It Happen

[author type="author"]Dr. Clifford E. Snyder Jr.[/author] The adenovirus vaccine (officially known as the Adenovirus Type 4 and Type 7 Vaccine, Live, Oral) has been used since Oct. 24, 2011. It protects military trainees against febrile respiratory illness (FRI)—with fever plus symptoms such as coughing and sneezing—caused by adenovirus Types 4 and 7. The adenovirus vaccine goes into the mouth of every basic trainee of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. It does not get there by accident. The U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command manages the development of adenovirus vaccine. The Pharmaceutical Systems Division of the U.S. Army Medical Materiel Development Activity (USAMMDA) houses the […]